The First Botanical Garden in Taiwan.
The Taipei Botanic Garden was first built as a nursery (Taipei Nursery) in 1896 during the Japanese colonial period. It was later expanded and renamed Taipei Botanical Garden in 1921 and became the first botanical garden in Taiwan. The garden was reassigned to be under the management of Taiwan Forestry Research Institute after the WWII.
The Garden occupies 8.2 hectares which contains the gardens of Gymnosperms, Ferns, Taxonomic Garden, Ethno-plants, Aquatic plants, Lotus pond,Taiwan Indigenous Plant Display Area and other theme exhibition sites with a collection of more than 2,000 plant species. It has become one of the most important institute for the research and educational resource for plants in Taiwan.
Taipei Botanical Garden also happens to be an unearthed cultural relic of the old Taipei Lake. Around 4,500 years ago, the lake became habitable land, and human activities started to take place in the area. The abundant cultural remnants left behind makes the botanical garden an important archeological site in Taiwan.
In addition, there are two historic monuments in the garden - the Herbarium and Museum of Imperial Envoy Lodging (formerly known as the Guest House of Imperial Envoys). The Herbarium was built in 1924 and was the first herbarium in Taiwan. The worldwide plant specimens collection dated back from the last century along with abundant living plants makes the garden a precious place in Taiwan. The Guest House of Imperial Envoys was built in 1888 at the location of the Taipei Zhongshan Hall. It was relocated to the current site in 1933and renamed Bu-Cheng-Shih-Sz Museum.
Botanical garden is much more than a garden
A botanical garden is an institution holding documented collections of living plants for the purposes of scientific research, conservation, display and education.
The Taipei Botanic Garden is dedicated to the following goals.
1. Conduct scientific research to provide plant conservation data.
2. Collect and nurture plant species extensively for plant conservation.
3. Promote the understanding of conservation by the general public through exhibition and inspirational education.
4. Collaborate with Botanic Gardens Conservation International to help conserve the plant diversity.
A shot taken near the current entrance of Nan-Hai Campus out looking the Lotus Pond. The photo reveals the landscaping and planting design at the time. Plants including pine trees, willows and bamboos can be seen in the picture. (ca. 1905-1910)
The Herbarium was built in 1924. It was an elegant two-story brick building.
Taipei Botanical Garden is an important green belt of the city. It serves the functions of conserving fauna and flora variability in the city as well as providing a great educational and recreational spot for the general public.